Natural Mineral Waters:
Natural Mineral Waters are uniquely distinguished from other types of waters—such as municipally treated & heated water—due to the high concentration and content of minerals.
Geothermal Mineral Waters are formed from rain that has seeped deep into the earth. This water infuses with minerals that are dissolved by powerful plate movement and high temperatures of rock and magma. Depending on factors such as rate of water circulation through underground channels, amount of heat supplied at depth and extent of dilution of heated water by cool ground water, it is eventually moved to upwards. Some waters have remained underground, absorbing minerals and gases for thousands of years, before re-emerging to the earth surface.
For mineral waters to be designated as “therapeutic” there needs to be a minimum amount of dissolved minerals, per liter. Standard measurements are that the waters must contain at least 1000 mg/l ( PPM) of naturally dissolved solids.
Commonly found minerals include, silica, sulfur, sodium, calcium, magnesium, potassium, and iron, as well as essential trace minerals such as lithium, manganese, bromine, iodine, selenium and radium. Highly mineralized mud clays are also used in Balneology for localized treatments.
The human body requires minerals to regulate the metabolism, hormones, enzymes and general health. Human skin, the largest organ of the body, absorbs only the amount of needed minerals, which is a much more effective system than taking mineral supplements through the digestive system.
Balneology is used for numerous health benefits. For maintaining wellness, mineral waters revitalize the skin, calm nerves, detoxify the body system and refresh oxygen levels. For health issues, mineral water treats conditions, such as arthritis, fibromyalgia, skin conditions, depression, respiratory illnesses, such as asthma, locomotor and circulatory diseases.
In Balneology, the classification of medicinal mineral waters also includes the study of the geology, geography, climate, chemical and therapeutic actions. The field of Balneology is typically taught within the Rheumatology department of medical universities throughout Europe and Asia.